Showing posts from December, 2013


So the clogged pore is the primary event in acne.  Sometimes that is all there is - so retinoids, like Retin-A, Tazorac (the most potent), or differin and extractions are all that is needed.

However, most cases of acne show inflammatory (red) lesions, including some large painful cysts.  These are controlled by application preventively of topical antibiotics, benzoyl peroxide, and particularly effective in females - Aczone.  Additionally, oral medications can be used for one of 3 purposes:
Anti-inflammatory effects - doxycycline derivatives (they probably don't yield their benefits by killing bacteria);Blocking testosterone in females - birth control pills or spironolactone; andPreventing inflammatory lesions - Accutane type drugs. Three pearls of wisdom for acne therapy:
Washing does not help acne (sorry Mom) - dirt has nothing to do with it and chemicals in soap are off the face in a minute so they have no time to penetrate;Topical medications can be more effective than pills beca…


A lot is known.It is due to the interaction between the oil glands in the skin and the male hormone, testosterone.That is why we don't get it until after puberty: our testosterone is not high enough.

The problem is, however, not with the testosterone (except in females with polycystic ovaries or those males supplementing) but in the genetic table set in the oil glands - when stimulated by testosterone they produce excessive oils (at least deep in the pores).
These excessive oils are digested by bacteria, corynebacterium acne; the free fatty acid produced from the digestion then irritates the nearby hair follicles yielding an abnormal product, parakeratin, which clogs the pores. Blackheads and whiteheads (grade 1 acne) are composed of parakeratin. Retinoids topically help prevent parakeratin.
More about retinoids, stages 2, 3, and 4 (zits - big & small) and rationales of treatment in ACNE Part 2 - coming soon to a computer screen near you!

Skin Cancer Rates Soar In US Hispanics

New research shows the importance of wearing sunscreen/protective clothing and having regular mole checks for all skin types.  Skin Cancer Rates Soar In US Hispanics -